Daniel Andrews Other victims include two dogs who were shot or killed after being suspected of witchcraft. The fact is, no accused witches were burned at the stake in Salem, Massachusetts. Salem was ruled by English law at the time, which only allowed death by burning to be used against men who committed high treason and only after they had been hanged, quartered and drawn.
In addition, one man was pressed to death by heavy weights for refusing to enter a plea; at least eight people died in prison, including one infant and one child; and more than one hundred and fifty individuals were jailed while awaiting trial.
Due to the survival of many relevant records, including notes, depositions, and official rulings, the main facts of the accusations, arrests, trials, and executions are known.
What has always engaged scholars is the search for the causes of the "witch hysteria. On January 20,in Salem Village, the Reverend Samuel Parris' nine-year-old daughter, Elizabeth, and his eleven-year-old niece, Abigail Williams, began exhibiting odd behavior, including shouting blasphemies and entering into trances.
Parris eventually called in the local physician, William Griggs, who found the girls experiencing convulsions and scurrying around the room and barking like dogs. The doctor was puzzled and unable to offer a medical explanation, but suggested that it might be the work of evil forces.
Parris consulted with local ministers, who recommended he wait to see what happened. But word of the unexplained fits had already spread around Salem Village, and soon several other girls, including three from the home of Thomas Putnam, Jr.
Pressured to explain what or who had caused their behavior, the girls named three Village women as witches.
One named was Tituba, the Rev. Parris' slave, who had enthralled many local girls with fortune-telling in her master's kitchen. Another named as a witch was Sarah Good, an unpopular woman who had reportedly muttered threats against her neighbors; the third was Sarah Osborne, who had allowed a man to live with her for some months before they were married.
Warrants for the three were issued on February Good and Osborne declared that they were innocent and knew nothing of witchcraft, but Tituba exuberantly confessed, claiming that witchcraft was practiced by many in the area.
Her confession excited the villagers. While she was examined in the meeting house in front of hundreds of people, the afflicted girls cried out in what appeared to be extreme agony. More individuals were accused and jailed as the weeks passed, but no trials could legally take place because, for the first three months of the witchcraft uproar, Massachusetts was without a legally-established government.
On May 14,Governor William Phips arrived with a new charter and soon created a special Court of Oyer to hear and Terminer to determine.
The court's first session, held on June 2, resulted in a death sentence for the accused witch Bridget Bishop; she was hanged on June She was not the first accused to die, however; Sarah Osborne died of natural causes in a jail in Boston on May Cotton Mather of Boston's First Church wrote privately to the court expressing reservations on questions of evidence.
On June 15 a group of ministers including Cotton Mather, wrote Governor Phips urging that special caution be taken in the use of evidence in the trials, but the ministers said no more publicly in July, August, or September. The court next met on June 29 and heard the cases of five accused women.The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February and May More than people were accused, nineteen of whom were found guilty and executed by hanging (fourteen women and five men).
One other man was pressed to death for refusing to plead, and at least five people died in jail. The Salem Witch Trials Memorial is a memorial in Salem, Mass dedicated to the victims of the Salem Witch Trials..
The memorial consists of 20 granite benches surrounded by a low stone wall. The Salem Witch Trials of were a dark time in American history. More than people were accused of practicing witchcraft and 20 were killed during the hysteria.
- Danforth’s Witch Hunt, Is it Justified. (An Essay on the Crucible) I write in response to your column regarding Judge Danforth’s actions during the witch trials in Salem.
Surprisingly, you praised Judge Danforth for his “impartiality and tact” during this tragic set . A witch-hunt or witch purge is a search for people labelled "witches" or evidence of witchcraft, often involving moral panic or mass hysteria. The classical period of witch-hunts in Early Modern Europe and Colonial North America took place in the Early Modern period or about to , spanning the upheavals of the Reformation and the Thirty Years' War, resulting in an estimated 35, to.
The presence of the European witch-hunts from to depended on the different aspects of each country, including the social, religious, political, and economic factors.
When there was turmoil in Europe, the number of witch hunts went up, while when the atmosphere in Europe stabilized, there were less witch hunts throughout Europe.