Thornton was the daughter of Francis Thornton and Mary Taliaferro. After his father died of pneumonia in Novemberhe moved with his mother and stepfather Captain John Marks to Georgia. Lewis had no formal education until he was 13 years of age, but during his time in Georgia he enhanced his skills as a hunter and outdoorsman. He would often venture out in the middle of the night in the dead of winter with only his dog to go hunting.
Meriwether Lewis was born in Albemarle County, Va. His father became a Revolutionary War officer and died when Meriwether was 5. Meriwether became the man of the family, since his only brother was younger. Ending his formal schooling at the age of 18, he appeared destined for the life of a Virginia gentleman farmer.
The campaign was bloodless, but Lewis enjoyed himself. The two men quickly became friends.
Lewis served in that capacity from untilwhile the President discussed with him his dream of sending an exploring expedition to the Pacific via the Missouri River drainage. When Jefferson offered him leadership of the expedition, Lewis accepted, choosing Clark as his associate.
Lewis took a "crash" course in science from scholars of the American Philosophical Society, since he was to make The autobiography of meriwether lewis reports on the West. Mandan near modern Bismarck. Lewis and his men pushed on again in April Luckily, Lewis had hired Toussaint Charbonneau as an interpreter-guide.
Though Charbonneau was nearly worthless, his wife, Sacajawea, was the sister of the chief of the Shoshone Indians; thus Lewis got the horses he needed to cross the Rocky Mountains. Once across, the explorers drifted in new canoes down the Clearwater and Snake rivers and continued down the Columbia to the Pacific.
Winter quarters were built at Ft. Clatsop, south of the mouth of the Columbia. On March 23,they began the homeward trek. Lewis split his party in order to explore more territory. He was nearly killed by hostile Blackfoot Indians and was accidentally shot by one of his own men during a hunt.
Nevertheless, he and Clark got all of their men safely back to St. From there to Washington, D. Lewis resigned his Army commission, but before going to St. Louis to take office, he tried to finish editing his journals of the exploration for publication.
He was unsuccessful, even though he delayed for almost a year. Lewis found Missouri a lawless frontier, and although he threw himself into the work of administering the territory, the results were mixed.
For one thing, Lewis was not cut out for a desk job. An ideal explorer, he was a mediocre administrator. Moreover, his second-in-command in St. Louis was hostile and jealous. The money was not important, but Lewis feared that the government might begin to question all of his official bills.
He decided to go to Washington to set matters straight. Lewis started down the Mississippi by boat but soon went ashore, ill with fever and possibly delirious.
He wrote President James Madison that he would continue by land. Still very ill, he hurried on with a companion and two servants, taking the Natchez Trace.
He died at sunup, his last words being, "I am no coward, but I am so strong; it is so hard to die. But a strong minority, then and later, felt that Lewis had been murdered, for murders were common on the Natchez Trace at this time. His remains were not moved to Washington, D.
Not even a gravestone was erected. His friend Alexander Wilson, the ornithologist, made a personal pilgrimage to the inn and paid the innkeeper to fence the grave to keep out rooting hogs. Today his gravesite is a national monument.• MERIWETHER LEWIS (noun) The noun MERIWETHER LEWIS has 1 sense.
1. United States explorer and soldier who lead led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River (). Explorer and soldier Meriwether Lewis was born on August 18, , near Ivy, Virginia. His parents, Lt. William Lewis of Locust Hill and Lucy Meriwether, were of Welsh and English ancestry, respectively.
Meriwether Lewis, (born Aug. 18, , near Charlottesville, Va. [U.S.]—died Oct. 11, , near Nashville, Tenn., U.S.), American explorer, who with William Clark led the Lewis and Clark Expedition through the uncharted American interior to the Pacific Northwest in – He later served as governor of Upper Louisiana Territory.
Born to William Lewis and Lucy Meriwether, Meriwether Lewis grew up on Locust Hill, the family’s plantation in Ivy Creek, Va.—near Monticello, home of the future U.S. president Thomas Jefferson. Lewis’s father died while serving in the Continental Army in May 16, · Meriwether Lewis: The man whose name is forever intertwined with the expedition that ultimately led to Oregon statehood came to an unhappy end, dying of gunshot wounds in at the age of Meriwether Lewis (August 18, – October 11, ) was an American explorer, soldier, politician, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark.