The Tragedy of the Commons Science 13, December At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, J.
January Have you ever seen an old photo of yourself and been embarrassed at the way you looked? Did we actually dress like that? And we had no idea how silly we looked. What scares me is that there are moral fashions too. Fashion is mistaken for good design; moral fashion is mistaken for good.
Dressing oddly gets you laughed at. Violating moral fashions can get you fired, ostracized, imprisoned, or even killed. If you could travel back in a time machine, one thing would be true no matter where you went: Opinions we consider harmless could have gotten you in big trouble.
In every period, people believed things that were just ridiculous, and believed them so strongly that you would have gotten in terrible trouble for saying otherwise. Is our time any different?
John Rawls (—) John Rawls was arguably the most important political philosopher of the twentieth century. He wrote a series of highly influential articles in the s and ’60s that helped refocus Anglo-American moral and political philosophy on substantive problems about what we ought to do. The Moral Accounting Schemes. The general metaphor of Moral Accounting is realized in a small number of basic moral schemes: Reciprocation, Retribution, Restitution, Revenge, Altruism, etc. Each of these moral schemes is defined using the metaphor of Moral Accounting, but the schemes differ as how they use this metaphor, that is, they differ as to their inherent logics. A Summary of Principles for User-Interface Design. by Talin. This document represents a compilation of fundamental principles for designing user interfaces, which have been drawn from various books on interface design, as well as my own experience.
To anyone who has read any amount of history, the answer is almost certainly no. It would be a remarkable coincidence Principle essay ours were the first era to get everything just right. What would someone coming back to visit us in a time machine have to be careful not to say?
But I want to do more than just shock everyone with the heresy du jour. Do you have any opinions that you would be reluctant to express in front of a group of your peers?
If the answer is no, you might want to stop and think about that.
The other alternative would be that you independently considered every question and came up with the exact same answers that are now considered acceptable. Mapmakers deliberately put slight mistakes in their maps so they can tell when someone copies them.
Like every other era in history, our moral map almost certainly contains a few mistakes. It would be like someone claiming they had independently decided in that bell-bottom jeans were a good idea.
Odds are you would have. One way to find these ideas is simply to look at things people do say, and get in trouble for. But many of the things people get in trouble for saying probably do make it over this second, lower threshold.
Such obviously false statements might be treated as jokes, or at worst as evidence of insanity, but they are not likely to make anyone mad. The statements that make people mad are the ones they worry might be believed. I suspect the statements that make people maddest are those they worry might be true.
If Galileo had said that people in Padua were ten feet tall, he would have been regarded as a harmless eccentric. Saying the earth orbited the sun was another matter.
The church knew this would set people thinking. Certainly, as we look back on the past, this rule of thumb works well. A lot of the statements people got in trouble for seem harmless now. Do we have no Galileos? To find them, keep track of opinions that get people in trouble, and start asking, could this be true?
Ok, it may be heretical or whatever modern equivalentbut might it also be true? What if no one happens to have gotten in trouble for a particular idea yet? What if some idea would be so radioactively controversial that no one would dare express it in public?
How can we find these too? Another approach is to follow that word, heresy. In every period of history, there seem to have been labels that got applied to statements to shoot them down before anyone had a chance to ask if they were true or not.
By now these labels have lost their sting.The Honors Program offers rigorous academics, personal attention from professors and a launch pad to your academic and professional dreams. Learn more. The Honors Program caters to the highly motivated student and offers rigorous academics, personal attention from professors and a launch pad to your academic and professional dreams.
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January Have you ever seen an old photo of yourself and been embarrassed at the way you looked? Did we actually dress like that? We . Sep 10, · Against Empathy from Boston Review. Most people see the benefits of empathy as too obvious to require justification.
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