Hannah Arendt Ideology and terror: Throughout Occidental history, lawless forms of government, such as tyranny, have been regarded as perverted by definition. Hence, if … the essence of government is defined as lawfulness, and if it is understood that laws are the stabilizing forces in the public affairs of men as indeed it always has been since Plato invoked Zeus, the god of the boundaries, in his Lawsthen the problem of movement of the body politic and the actions of its citizens arises.
Friday, May 27, Personality Analysis: Learning theories within this analysis are Skinner's behaviorism, Bandura's social cognitive theory, Rotter and Mischel's cognitive social theory, and Kelly's psychology of personal constructs.
Humanism and existentialism theories of Rogers, May, and Maslow adopt a holistic approach to psychological health and human existence by determining meaning, values, tragedy, personal experience and responsibility, human potential, spirituality, and self-actualization Colman, ed.
Personality as it Affects Situational Behavior According to learning theory, individuals behave according to the reciprocity of environmental, cognitive, and behavioral conditions.
Personal beliefs of whether or not they can accomplish the task influence people's ability to do so. Bandura calls this expectation self-efficacy.
He believed the strength of personal efficacy heavily influences how an individual reacts in a given situation. However, even though a significant influence, it is not the exclusive affect on behavior. In the behaviorist learning theory, learning takes place in a trial and error fashion, and individuals try different behaviors until they engage in one that is reinforcing.
Before producing behavior in a new situation, the individual reviews similar experiences to determine the best action and chooses one that will evoke a similar outcome.
In some learning theories, the learner is passive and simply responds to environmental stimuli. Cognitive learning theory believes people are thoughtful rational beings whose behavior is determined by complex thought processes.
Rotter believed certain variables were applied in situational behavior: Mischel's cognitive-affective theory claims situational and other behaviors are produced from somewhat durable personal characteristics and cognitive processes that work together within a particular circumstance.
Kelly thought people choose behaviors from various options within a personally constructed system, and they make such choices based on their anticipation of events. Humanism is a paradigm approach that believes learning is implemented as a personal act to fulfill personal potential.
The actions of individuals in situational behavior are dependent on the level of actuated potential from which an individual is capable of responding. In humanistic theory, learners have affective and cognitive needs by which they will respond to a situation. Within a cooperative supportive environment, an individual will learn and react appropriately in any situation.
According to a humanist perspective, responses to a specific situation will be directly related to the current needs and satisfaction of the individual involved in the particular circumstance. The individual will respond in a way ultimately consequential to fulfilling current needs, or those to which the individual is aspiring.
Personality Characteristics within the Perspectives The learning theories lean toward the belief that personality is an accumulation of learned inclinations that continue throughout the lifespan.
Skinner believed climate, geographical environment, and personal physical strength in relation to animals helped shape the general personality of humankind, but the social environment affects and produces unique personality types.
He recognized observational learning enables individuals to learn without performing behavior. Rotter believed people's personal history and experiences shapes their personalities and goals, but emphasized the similarities in people whereas Mischel considered individual differences and variations in behavior more significant.
Kelly's theory of dichotomy corollary determined personality constructs are double-sided and individuals choose the one they believe will extend their future options. Humanistic psychology believes in the natural drive toward personal development, and people freely make decisions regardless of environmental factors.
Free will is an important cause in the development of personality, and the drive toward self-actualization is a powerful motivation for the creation of the personality Boeree, Humanism contends people make choices and actively participate in the creation of their personalities.
Rollo May theorized three relationships form the basis for personality:We argue that individual differences along the broad trait dimensions of the Big Five can be explained via individual differences in general beliefs people hold about themselves and the social world.
Future directions and limitations of this approach are discussed.
Experiential Learning on the Web by Tim Pickles [with links updated by Roger Greenaway] This article explores the development of experiential learning from its original proposal into some of its current refinements and applications.
ships, and predicting outcomes. Theories help explain why an intervention is necessary, how to intervene, and how to because different theories are needed for individual-level intervention, organizational-level intervention, and community-level intervention.
and personal experience), health motivation, perceived control, and perceived.
Social cognitive theory (SCT), the cognitive formulation of social learning theory that has been best articulated by Bandura, explains human behavior in terms of a three-way, dynamic, reciprocal model in which personal factors, environmental influences, and behavior continually.
Limitation Of The Personal Construct Theory In Explaining Individual Differences attheheels.com evaluation of George Kelly's Personal Construct Theory in terms of its usefulness in contemporary society Personality is an influential and important aspect of psychology.
In personal relationships, attachment theory has produced an impressive body of evidence for explaining individual differences in relationship behavior. The current study examines whether attachment theory can.