It encompasses both intra- and interpersonal processes.
Abstract Cognitive strategies typically involved in regulating negative emotions have recently been shown to also be effective with positive emotions associated with monetary rewards.
However, it is less clear how these strategies influence behavior, such as preferences expressed during decision-making under risk, and the underlying neural circuitry.
That is, can the effective use of emotion regulation strategies during presentation of a reward-conditioned stimulus influence decision-making under risk and neural structures involved in reward processing such as the striatum? To investigate this question, we asked participants to engage in imagery-focused regulation strategies during the presentation of a cue that preceded a financial decision-making phase.
During the decision phase, participants then made a choice between a risky and a safe monetary lottery. Participants who successfully used cognitive regulation, as assessed by subjective ratings about perceived success and facility in implementation of strategies, made fewer risky choices in comparison to trials where decisions were made in the absence of cognitive regulation.
Additionally, blood-oxygen-level-dependent BOLD responses in the striatum were attenuated during decision-making as a function of successful emotion regulation. These findings suggest that exerting cognitive control over emotional responses can modulate neural responses associated with reward processing e.
For instance, an individual unable to cope with sudden urges elicited by a conditioned stimulus e. It is unclear, however, if the effects of emotion regulation can extend beyond changes in emotional experience to changes in goal-directed behavior.
Affective responses elicited by salient cues are known to influence behavior, for instance cue-induced drug craving is associated with increased drug-seeking Weiss, While these studies did not probe shifts in behavior associated with regulation of craving, it is possible that regulation of such conditioned cues can extend to risk-taking behaviors such as drug-seeking.
The goal of the current study was to examine the effect of cognitive regulation of a conditioned cue on subsequent behavior in the normative brain. Specifically, this study probed if the successful use of cognitive strategies during presentation of a conditioned stimulus e.
An alternative hypothesis, however, was that exerting cognitive control over emotional responses would promote more goal-directed decision-making, thus attenuating risky decisions and associated BOLD signals in the striatum. Thus, the striatum provides an ideal target for potential regulatory influences that may occur during decision-making under risk.
We investigated the effect of cognitive regulation on risk-taking and its neural correlates using a functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI experimental paradigm that included both a cue and a decision phase.
Decision-making under risk was quantified as the proportion of trials in which the risky option was chosen for each type of cognitive instruction.Using these two groups, the effect of emotion regulation on decision-making was probed with a repeated-measures ANOVA using type of instruction (Look, Relax) as a within-subjects factor and group (regulator, non-regulator) as a between-subjects factor.
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Abstract. Emotion plays an important role in human social and economic decision-making. Only in the last few decades has this view been accepted in mainstream research by economists and psychologists studying decisional processes. Models of decision-making usually focus on cognitive, situational, and socio-cultural variables in accounting for human performance.
However, the emotional component is . Abstract. We conducted a field study to test the applicability of the job characteristics model (JCM) in volunteer organizations and examine the impact of job characteristics on volunteer motivation, satisfaction and intent to quit, as well as test a measure of volunteer performance.