Christianity and Islam and Judaism Compare Christianity, Islam and Judaism Christianity, Islam, and Judaism are three of the most influential world religions in history. While Judaism isn't as large as Christianity and Islam, its impact on the world has still been as profound.
He gathered a crowd, was hailed as the new messiah, seized Jerusalem and fought his way to the temple. But the resurrection failed already after a few days.
Once more a messiah had brought a short-lived eruption of hope, followed soon by slaughter and disillusion. Jesus and his men fled to their base in a grove of olive trees East of Jerusalem.
After being under siege for a night, he ordered his companions to put down arms. Those unable to flee were arrested.
Jesus was taken to court and executed with some of his lieutenants. To his Jewish followers this meant that he was after all the ultimate messiah, risen from the underworld to lead the struggle of Israel to the final victory: Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind [.
So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.
Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord: Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel.
Victory was not at hand.
During the next century, Christianity became one of those mysterious novel sects that appealed to Roman citizens. The gospels were re written to turn the rebel into a Stoic pacifist, and the Jewish nationalist into a friend of Rome: The Jews had shouted for his execution and had left him alone in his final suffering.
The Romans on the contrary had found no evil in him, had washed their hands of his death, and never fought him by arms - they had even quenched him on the cross. Jesus himself had urged his Jewish followers to love their Roman enemies.
Educated in both Jewish and Roman philosophy, he recycled the scattered dreams about the kingdom of David into the Stoic imagery of a permanent presence of the godhead not far from every one of us: Contrary to the all-pervading Stoic deity, the presence imagined by Paul leaned to an age old, popular presence with a spiritist flavour: Christ wandered around, mostly invisible, sometimes showing his glory on a special occasion or to special people.
The others could only believe what was recounted by those privileged witnesses, or try to discern reassuring tokens in the course of things.
Christ materialized on various occasions. On one such occasion, Paul of Tarsus wrote to doubtful followers in Corinth, more than five hundred people saw him simultaneously. John the Evangelist counts three occasions immediately after his death.
But only a few were satisfied with a kingdom lead by a ghost, and many still hoped that at any moment Jesus would gather the faithful and direct them towards the terrified enemies of Israel: Following the gospel of Mark, the first words of Jesus in public were: And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; they shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.
Nothing happened, and in the aftermath of this disillusion the majority of Christians lost all hope for an immanent return of Christ to chastise the heathens.
The hope for an apocalyptic uprising was lost, and the way was cleared for more pragmatic, real life tactics to arrive at the new kingdom.
Montanist preachers were slandered with charges of immorality, madness and suicide; Saint Epiphanius as well as Saint John of Damascus assured that they had sacrificed children and made bread with the blood of murdered infants.
The Montanists were eradicated from history, and the church took the road of power politics. It was now taught that Jesus had ascended to heaven after wandering on earth for forty days. Clement of Alexandria, a fierce enemy of the Montanists, used some exegetic acrobacy to create a doctrine more consistent with the new pretensions.
Not Jesus, but the church itself was the earthly presence of God: For it was spiritual, as was also our Jesus, and was made manifest at the end of the days in order to save us. The church being spiritual, was made manifest in the flesh of Christ [. For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office: This was a new phenomenon in history.
Clerks had always been sacred in some way, either as collaborators of sacred kingships, or as an autonomous temple organization. Bureaucracies, because their link with power and thus, in the ancient world-image, with divinity, had always had some sacred flavour, but never before a bureaucracy had equated itself with a god.
This was the bureaucracy Constantine would find at his disposal one century later. The morals of the Christians the same as those of the heathens The differences between the classic piety and the Christians were not about which good deeds must be done, but about which party did them better.
Church leaders boasted that Christians were the best citizens, because they feared hell fire.Includes bibliographical references Prologue (Controverted questions, )--Scientific and pseudo-scientific realism >--Science and pseudo-science >--An Episcopal trilogy >--The value of witness to the miraculous >--Possibilites and impossibilities >--Agnosticism >--Agnosticism: a rejoinder >--Agnosticism and Christianity >--The keepers of the herd of .
THE BOISI CENTER PAPERS ON RELIGION IN THE UNITED STATES An Introduction to Christian Theology As would be the case with any religious tradition, the complexity of Christian theology and history cannot be explained fully in a brief paper.
Many Christian churches clarified key points of theology. The strength of this literary tradition makes it possible to suggest that historically Mary was a prophetic visionary and leader within one sector of the early Christian movement after the death. An Essay on Violence, Tradition and Modernity Christian writers attacked the public games – like all other entertainment - for their diversion from prayer.
When the victims were Christians and the executioners heathens, the killings were criticized. Vision seeks to encourage theological reflection by church leaders on the identity, mission, and practices of the church from an Anabaptist-Mennonite perspective.
For the Christian household, there are many ways to celebrate faith and tradition. Some of the most beloved holidays across the globe have their beginnings in Christian observances. Beneath the modern marketing and beyond the hype, they still have the power to create great memories and provide a.