Accessibility of public sector websites and apps: This consultation has concluded Detail of outcome Respondents generally welcomed the accessibility Directive and wanted it to apply to more organisations, for example schools and the BBC. As a result of the consultation, the government will: The regulations implement a new EU Directive.
ASPCA Policy and Position Statements Position Statement on Breed-Specific Legislation Background Despite the well-established strength of the human-animal bond Wensley,exemplified by the nearly 74 million dogs kept as companion animals in the United States, coexistence is not always peaceful.
Notwithstanding relative stability in the number of dog bites over time Bradley,and the fact that according to the U.
Often, such laws are responses to a particularly violent individual dog attack or, as some hypothesize, result from media campaigns that negatively portray a particular breed Capp, However, the theory underlying breed-specific laws—that some breeds bite more often and cause more damage than others, ergo laws targeting these breeds will decrease bite incidence and severity—has not met with success in practice.
The CDC strongly recommends against breed-specific laws in its oft-cited study of Bsl law regulations dog attacks, noting that data collection related to bites by breed is fraught with potential sources of error Sacks et al. Supporting the concern regarding identification, a recent study noted a significant discrepancy between visual determination of breed and DNA determination of breed Voith et al.
For example, intact males constitute 80 percent of all dogs presented to veterinary behaviorists for what formerly has been described as dominance aggression, are involved in 70 to 76 percent of reported dog bite incidents, and are 2.
Chaining and tethering also appear to be risk factors for biting Gershman et al. Other factors implicated in dog aggression are selective breeding and raising of dogs for elevated aggression, whether for protection, use in dog fighting competitions, social status or financial gain Bradley, ; abuse and neglect Delise, ; and inadequate obedience training and supervision Shuler et al.
Breed-specific laws must also be evaluated from a welfare perspective. Although intended to improve community safety and comfort, ultimately these laws can cause hardship to responsible guardians of properly supervised, friendly, well-socialized dogs.
Although guardians of these dogs may have done nothing to endanger the public, they nevertheless may be required to choose between compliance with onerous regulations or forfeiture of their beloved companions, and may even be required to forfeit their companions outright.
Even laws that ostensibly are only regulatory may impose a de facto ban on a breed, creating a climate where it is nearly impossible for residents to live with such breed, and virtually ensuring destruction of otherwise adoptable dogs by shelters and humane societies.
The consequences have been disastrous: As a result, the shelter has had to euthanize hundreds of otherwise adoptable dogs of many different breeds due to lack of space, and has suffered decreased adoption rates because there are so few dogs available Taylor, Perhaps the most harmful unintended consequence of breed-specific laws is their tendency to compromise rather than enhance public safety.
As certain breeds are regulated, individuals who exploit aggression in dogs are likely to turn to other, unregulated breeds Sacks et al. Following enactment of a pit bull ban in Winnipeg, Canada, Rottweiler bites increased dramatically Winnipeg reported bite statistics, In Council Bluffs, Iowa, Boxer and Labrador Retriever bites increased sharply and total dog bites spiked following enactment of a pit bull ban in Barrett, In this regard, it is worth noting that whereas rabies currently kills one or two Americans annually and in some years none, up until the mid-twentieth century it killed approximately one hundred Americans annually.
It must also be considered that if limited animal control resources are used to regulate or ban a certain breed of dog, the focus is shifted away from routine, effective enforcement of laws that have the best chance of making communities safer: However, while out-of-county pit bull adoptions were initiated, for political reasons the ban was not repealed.
The Ohio pit bull law, enacted inhas been accompanied by a doubling of dog fighting complaints by Ohio animal control agencies—from Thus, the ASPCA is not aware of credible evidence that breed-specific laws make communities safer either for people or other companion animals.Publications Saskatchewan Year-At-A-Glance Calendar - NEW ; PLEASE NOTE: Shipments may be delayed during the rotating Canada Post labour disruption Saskatchewan Law Enforcement Handbook, Pocket Size (Updated) ; C Reg 1 - The Cannabis Control (Saskatchewan) Regulations - NEW ; C - The Cannabis Control (Saskatchewan) Act - NEW.
Laws are created to punish or deter the actions of humans - not those of animals - and the failure to recognize the integral role or irresponsible ownership is the biggest reason that breed specific legislation fails.
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